Browse Items (1216 total)

An Introduction to Cooperation and Mutualism

This textbook introduces readers to the idea of cooperation and mutualism. Cooperatives and mutuals are participatory organizations in which members participate in control and governance, receive economic benefits through patronage refunds or net…

Chemistry Adventure
How do simple things like yeast, soap, and hydrogen peroxide come together to create a foam-splosion reaction? Tweak the ingredients to find out in this choose-your-own-adventure video series!
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Educational Psychology

Educational Psychology.pdf
This books lays the foundation for prospective teachers to learn about various teaching methodologies and covers material typically found in many teacher training programs.

Online - Fundraising : Wie man im Internet und mit Social Media erfolgreich Spenden sammelt

The days of donation boxes are numbered. An increasing number of clubs and associations, projects and foundations no longer wish to (exclusively) collect donations on the street or via post, but rather are looking to collect funds and mobilize…

Understanding Society and Natural Resources


In this edited volume leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social…

12 All Natural Toothache
In the past, before modern dentistry, people use to treat a tooth pain naturally because they had no other option.
Nowadays, modern medicine has its own solutions, but there still several natural toothache remedies that people use just to avoid the…

A Brief Introduction to Engineering Computation with MATLAB

A Brief Introduction to Engineering Computation with MATLAB is specifically designed for students with no programming experience. However, students are expected to be proficient in First Year Mathematics and Sciences and access to good reference…

A Comprehensive Outline of World History

The structure of the work is innovative. Each chapter covers a period of historical time (e.g. a century). Sections within chapters describe what was going on in every geographical region of the world; each section provides a reference for that…

A Computational Introduction to Number Theory and Algebra

A Computational Introduction to Number Theory and Algebra.pdf
All of the mathematics required beyond basic calculus is developed “from scratch.” Moreover, the book generally alternates between “theory” and “applications”: one or two chapters on a particular set of purely mathematical concepts are followed by…

A Concise Introduction to Logic

A Concise Introduction to Logic is an introduction to formal logic suitable for undergraduates taking a general education course in logic or critical thinking, and is accessible and useful to any interested in gaining a basic understanding of logic. …

A Connected Curriculum for Higher Education


Is it possible to bring university research and student education into a more connected, more symbiotic relationship? If so, can we develop programmes of study that enable faculty, students and ‘real world’ communities to connect in new ways? In…

A Different Road To College A Guide For Transitioning To College For Non-traditional Students

A Different Road To College A Guide For Transitioning To College For Non-traditional Students.pdf
A Different Road To College: A Guide For Transitioning Non-Traditional Students is designed to introduce students to the contextual issues of college. Non-traditional students have an ever-growing presence on college campuses, especially community…

A Fair Share of Tax

A Fair Share of Tax.pdf
Why do people pay tax? And why do they avoid doing so? There are many disciplines that try to answer these questions—economics, law, accounting, psychology.
They use a wide variety of methods and come up with a
similarly diverse array of solutions…

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A First Course in Linear Algebra

In this book, there are five chapters: Systems of Linear Equations, Vector Spaces, Homogeneous Systems, Characteristic Equation of Matrix, and Matrix Dot Product. It has also exercises at the end of each chapter above to let students practice…

A First Course in LINEAR ALGEBRA an Open Text

Kuttler-LinearAlgebra-AFirstCourse-2017A (2).pdf
A First Course in Linear Algebra presents an introduction to the fascinating subject of linear algebra for students who have a reasonable understanding of basic algebra. Major topics of linear algebra are presented in detail, with proofs of important…

A Foundation In Applied Mathematics

This module develops concepts and techniques for studying functions. You will learn about one of the foundations of applied mathematics, i.e. the algebraic and graphic methods for studying functions.
You'll be introduced to clear define and…

A Foundation In Pure Mathematics

Everyone in Hong Kong has heard of the Mark Six! Players select six different numbers from 49 possibilities in the hope of winning a small fortune - or possibly even a large one.
So how many different choices of six numbers out of 49 are there? If…

A Friendly Introduction to Differential Equations

n this book, there are five chapters: The Laplace Transform, Systems of Homogeneous Linear Differential Equations (HLDE), Methods of First and Higher Orders Differential Equations, Extended Methods of First and Higher Orders Differential Equations,…

A Guide to Assessment in Dental Education

4. A Guide to Assessment in Dental Education Williams et al 2016.pdf
Following the successful publication of “A Guide to Assessment in VeterinarMedical Education”, 2nd edition, it was felt that a similar guide to assessment in
Dental Education would be timely and valuable. A systematic review, which
underpinned the…

A Guide to Technical Communications: Strategies & Applications

Welcome to the textbook for Engineering Technical Communications courses at The Ohio State University. Our aim in writing this textbook was to create a resource specifically focused on and applicable to the kinds of communication skills most…

A Guide to Veterinary Clinical Skills Laboratories

A Guide to Veterinary Clinical Skill Laboratories.pdf
Clinical and practical skills are an essential part of the competences required of veterinary graduates (European Association of Establishments for Veterinary
Education (EAEVE) 2014, Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) 2014 American…

A Homologous Pair of Chromosomes with their Attached Sister Chromatids

A Homologous Pair of Chromosomes with their Attached Sister Chromatids.jpg
The red and blue colors correspond to a homologous pair of chromosomes. Each member of the pair was separately inherited from one parent. Each chromosome in the homologous pair is also bound to an identical sister chromatid, which is produced by DNA…

A Primer of Real Analysis

A Primer of Real Analysis.pdf
This is a short introduction to the fundamentals of real analysis. Although the prerequisites are few, I have written the text assuming the reader has the level of mathematical maturity of one who has completed the standard sequence of calculus…

A Primer on Politics

An Introduction to Politics proposes to chart a path that is at once a little more brief, concise and in between than those textbooks currently on the market. As this class
is usually taught to freshmen, there is little to be gained and much to be…

A Primer on Social Problems . v. 1.0

The founders of American sociology a century or more ago in cities like Atlanta and Chicago wanted to reduce social inequality, to improve the lives of people of color,
and more generally to find solutions to the most vexing social problems of their…

A Primer on Sustainable Business

A Primer on Sustainable Business.pdf
As you read A Primer on Sustainable Business, we challenge you to not think of sustainability as a program, an initiative, or an activity. Rather, sustainability is a mind-set, a philosophy, and worldview. Throughout each chapter, you are challenged…

A Rhetoric of Literate Action: Literate Action Volume 1

The first in a two-volume set, A Rhetoric of Literate Action is written for "the experienced writer with a substantial repertoire of skills, [who] now would find it useful to think in more fundamental strategic terms about what they want their texts…

A scholarly contribution to educational praxis

This publication contains original research targeting scientific specialists in the field of education. Not only is the disposition of its research endeavours grounded on a philosophical basis, it is also embedded in the empirical. The research…

A Spiral Workbook for Discrete Mathematics

A Spiral Workbook for Discrete Mathematics.pdf
This is a text that covers the standard topics in a sophomore-level course in discrete mathematics: logic, sets, proof techniques, basic number theory, functions, relations, and elementary combinatorics, with an emphasis on motivation. It explains…

A Story of Real Analysis

A Story of Real Analysis.pdf
The typical introductory real analysis text starts with an analysis of the real number system and uses this to develop the definition of a limit, which is then used as a foundation for the definitions encountered thereafter. While this is certainly a…

A Theory of Literate Action: Literate Action Volume 2

The second in a two-volume set, A Theory of Literate Action draws on work from the social sciences—and in particular sociocultural psychology, phenomenological sociology, and the pragmatic tradition of social science—to "reconceive rhetoric…

Abnormal Curvatures of the Vertebral Column

Abnormal Curvatures of the Vertebral Column.jpg
(a) Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral bending of the vertebral column. (b) An excessive curvature of the upper thoracic vertebral column is called kyphosis. (c) Lordosis is an excessive curvature in the lumbar region of the vertebral column.

Abnormal Psychology

Have you ever wondered whether the violence you see on television affects your behavior? Are you
more likely to behave aggressively in real life after watching people behave violently in dramatic
situations on the screen? Or, could seeing fictional…

About Writing: A Guide

About Writing A Guide.pdf
This writer’s reference condenses and covers everything a beginning writing student should need to successfully compose college-level work. The book covers the basics of composition and revising, including how to build a strong thesis, how to peer…

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Abstract Algebra

Abstract Algebra.pdf
This text is intended for a one or two-semester undergraduate course in abstract algebra. Traditionally, these courses have covered the theoretical aspects of groups, rings, and fields. However, with the development of computing in the last several…

AC Circuits

AC Circuits, 1st Edition - Davis, 2017.pdf
This eBook was written as the sequel to the eBook titled DC Circuits, which was written in 2016 by Chad Davis. This eBook covers Alternating Current (AC) circuit theory as well as a brief introduction of electronics. It is broken up into seven…


Accounting is the process by which financial information about a business is recorded,
classified, summarized, interpreted, and communicated. Accounting is the language of business.

Accounting and Financial Information

Accounting is often called “the language of business” because it communicates so much of the information that owners, managers, and investors need to evaluate a company’s financial performance. These people are stakeholders in the business—they’re…

Accounting for Managers

Answer: Financial accounting1 focuses on providing historical financial information to external users. External users are those outside the company,
including owners (e.g., shareholders) and creditors (e.g., banks or bondholders). Financial…

Accounting I

The purpose of accounting is to provide a means of recording, reporting, summarizing, and interpreting economic data. In order to do this, an accounting
system must be designed. A system design serves the needs of users of accounting

Accounting II

The development of accounting concepts and principles is closely related to the
economic growth of the United States, as businesses grew in size, and outsiders
increased their demand for financial information. Accounting principles focus on…


Accounting Principles: A Business Perspective

Accounting Principles A Business Perspective.pdf
Accounting Principles: A Business Perspective uses annual reports of real companies to illustrate many of the accounting concepts in use in business today. Gaining an understanding of accounting terminology and concepts, however, is not enough to…

Accounting Principles: A Business Perspective,
Financial Accounting (Chapters 1 – 8)

7 blm upload.pdf
Preface from the eight edition:
Philosophy and purpose
Imagine that you have graduated from college without taking an accounting course. You are
employed by a company as a sales person, and you eventually become the sales manager of a…

Accounting Principles: Managerial Accounting

9 blm upload.pdf
Process: Cost systems
Learning objectives
After studying this chapter, you should be able to:
• Describe the types of operations that require a process cost system.
• Distinguish between process and job costing systems.
• Discuss the concept…

Acids and Bases

Acids and Bases.jpg
(a) In aqueous solution, an acid dissociates into hydrogen ions (H+) and anions. Nearly every molecule of a strong acid dissociates, producing a high concentration of H+. (b) In aqueous solution, a base dissociates into hydroxyl ions (OH–) and…


Acne is a result of over-productive sebaceous glands, which leads to formation of blackheads and inflammation of the skin.


Active Calculus 1.0.pdf
In Active Calculus, we endeavor to actively engage students in learning the subject through an activity-driven approach in which the vast majority of the examples are completed by students. Where many texts present a general theory of calculus…

Active Calculus 1.0

Active Calculus 1.0.pdf
Active Calculus is different from most existing calculus texts in at least the following ways: the text is free for download by students and instructors in .pdf format; in the electronic format, graphics are in full color and there are live html…

Active Calculus 2.0

Active Calculus 2.0.pdf
Active Calculus is different from most existing calculus texts in at least the following ways: the text is freely readable online in HTML format and is also available for in PDF; in the electronic format, graphics are in full color and there are live…

Active Calculus Multivariable

Active Calculus-Multivariable.pdf
In Active Calculus - Multivariable, we endeavor to actively engage students in learning the subject through an activity-driven approach in which the vast majority of the examples are completed by students. Where many texts present a general theory of…

Actors and the Art of Performance : Under Exposure

Acting on stage is a mode of performing an action, in the context of which the bodily aspects implicitly at work in acting reveal their own significance and power. This event can actualize a wound incarnated in human beings, because the actor acts…

Acute Coronary Syndromes
A lecture on acute coronary syndromes by Dr. Kim Eagle, M.D. This lecture was taught as a part of the University of Michigan Medical School's M2 - Cardiovascular Sequence

View the course…

Adenosine Triphosphate

Adenosine Triphosphate.jpg
The nucleotide adenosine triphosphate (ATP), is composed of a ribose sugar, an adenine base, and three phosphate groups ([link]). ATP is classified as a high energy compound because the two covalent bonds linking its three phosphates store a…

Adipose Tissue

Adipose Tissue.jpg
This is a loose connective tissue that consists of fat cells with little extracellular matrix. It stores fat for energy and provides insulation.

Adult and Continuing Education in Belarus

This publication gives an overview of central aspects of adult and continuing education in Belarus. Galina Veramejchyk presents a range of data and information regarding adult and continuing education institutions, ¿nancing, provision, participation,…

Adult and Continuing Education in Norway

The European arena of lifelong learning offers rich country-specific portfolios of historical trajectories, policy frameworks and practical evidence of adult and continuing education. This book provides an introduction to the case of Norway and…

Advanced Algebra II: Conceptual Explanations

Advanced Algebra II Conceptual Explanations.pdf
This module contains a table of every module within the three books of Kenny Felder's course on "Algebra II", with links to the modules.

Advanced Business Law and the Legal Environment

Advanced Business Law and the Legal Environment.pdf
Mayer, Warner, Siedel and Lieberman's Advanced Business Law and the Legal Environment is an up-to-date textbook with coverage of legal and regulatory issues that are more technical than the topics in the authors’ Foundations of Business Law and the…

Advanced Problems in Mathematics: Preparing for University


" This book is intended to help candidates prepare for entrance examinations in mathematics and scientific subjects, including STEP (Sixth Term Examination Paper). STEP is an examination used by Cambridge colleges as the basis for conditional…


Water 031 Book 5th Edition.pdf
The converting (or cancelling) of units is the most important concept in waterworks mathematics. You may be working with million gallons, cubic feet, acre feet, feet per second, gallons per minute, milligrams per liter, pounds per gallon, yard,…

Advances in Biotechnology Volume 1

Advances in Biotechonolgy Vol I.pdf
The results of our investigation on the microbial community of the high-temperature Dagang oilfield (P.R. China) are summarized. Detailed experimental data are provided on syntrophic acetate degradation by thermophilic associations, on the isolation…

Advances in Chemical Synthesis

Organic chemistry belongs to a branch of chemistry that is generally associated with
compounds containing carbon. It is so important because millions of compounds that contain carbon are related to our daily lives, so organic chemistry has many…

Advising in austerity

Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. In a world dominated by austerity politics and policies, Advising in austerity provides a lively and thought-provoking account of the conditions, consequences and challenges of advice work in the UK,…

After the Break : Television Theory Today

Television as we knew it is irrevocably changing. Some are gleefully announcing the death of television, others have been less sanguine but insist that television is radically changing underneath our eyes. Several excellent publications have dealt…

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming.pdf
A retrospective is a standard agile meeting practice designed for agile software teams to reflect and tune their process. Despite its integral importance, we know little about what aspects are focused upon during retrospectives and how reflection…

Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

Agricultural Implications of The Fukushima Nuclear Accident.pdf
This book reports the results from on-site research into radioactive cesium contamination in various agricultural systems affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident that occurred in March 2011. This is the second volume from the…

Agricultural Input Subsidies

Agricultural Input Subsidies.pdf
Up to date review of theory and experience of agricultural input subsidies in low income countries, with new theoretical and empirical insights
Detailed and comprehensive analysis of the Malawi Agricultural Input Subsidy Programme
Strong emphasis…

Agroecology : What it is and what it has to offer

14629IIED blm upload.pdf
Agroecological farming is coming of age. Once the exclusive domain of food sovereignty and ecology movements, it has begun to be promoted enthusiastically in both developed and developing countries by non-government organisations, international…

Algebra and Trigonometry

Algebra and Trigonometry.pdf
lgebraic principles. The text is suitable for a typical introductory Algebra & Trigonometry course, and was developed to be used flexibly. The modular approach and the richness of content ensures that the book meets the needs of a variety of…

Algorithms and Data Structures

2. algorithms and data structures.pdf
This is a textbook for first year Computer Science. Algorithms and Data Structures With Applications to Graphics and Geometry.

Alkanes and Alkenes
Learn the basics of alkanes and alkenes. After watching the covalent bonds video you should have sufficient knowledge to understand about how alkanes and alkenes are formed and the differences between them. SUBSCRIBE to our channel to access many…

All About Cells

Life. Every single living thing has something in common—do you know what that is? The clue is in the title! In this learning package you will learn all about cells—the parts and the functions of those parts. By learning about the basic building…

Almost Hollywood, Nearly New Orleans: The Lure of the Local Film Economy

Early in the twenty-first century, Louisiana, one of the poorest states in the United States, redirected millions in tax dollars from the public coffers in an effort to become the top location site globally for the production of Hollywood films and…

Alzheimer’s Disease, Recent Research

The aim of the book is to serve as a first approximation to those people who have Alzheimer’s Disease itself or within their family.

American Environmental History

Environmental History is about looking at the past as if the environment matters. American History is about looking at the past of not only the United States, but of both the American continents. This wider view is especially
important when we…

American Government

Since its founding, the United States has relied on citizen participation to govern at the local, state, and
national levels. This civic engagement ensures that representative democracy will continue to flourish and
that people will continue to…

An Introduction to Computer Networks

An Introduction to Computer Networks.pdf
An introductory text for college or graduate course in computer networks, with a balance between practical matters and underlying principles. It covers the LAN, internetworking and transport layers, focusing primarily on TCP/IP.

An Introduction to Cooperation and Mutualism

An Introduction to Cooperation and Mutualism.pdf
This textbook introduces readers to the idea of cooperation and mutualism. Cooperatives and mutuals are participatory organizations in which members participate in control and governance, receive economic benefits through patronage refunds or net…

An Introduction to Interpersonal Communication: A Primer on Communication Studies

COMS 246 DRAFT 3.pdf
By its very nature communication is not a skill we are born with. If lucky, we are born with the senses necessary to learn to use the communication skills we can
learn. Our journey in interpersonal communication will be to take the senses that we…

An Introduction to MATLAB and Mathcad

An Introduction to Matlab and Mathcad.pdf
An introduction to programming and problem solving using both MATLAB and Mathcad.

An Introduction to Nutrition

As we get started on our journey into the world of health and nutrition, our first focus will be to demonstrate that nutritional science is an evolving field of study, continually being updated and supported by research, studies, and trials. Once…

An Introduction to Ontology Engineering

This first general textbook An introduction to ontology engineering has as main aim to provide the reader with a comprehensive introductory overview of ontology engineering. A secondary aim is to provide hands-on experience in ontology development…

An Introduction to Organizational Communication

We know that choosing the appropriate textbook for your classroom is always a time consuming process. Communication Within, Between, and Among Organizational Stakeholders: Theory, Research, and Practice for the 21st Century will include a lot…

An Introduction to Sustainable Business

Going green, green business, and sustainable business are topics on everyone’s mind. But what does all this mean exactly? A Primer on Sustainable Business answers that question and provides an introduction to the basics you need to know. We begin…

An Introduction to Technical Theatre

An Introduction to Technical Theatre.pdf
An Introduction to Technical Theatre draws on the author’s experience in both the theatre and the classroom over the last 30 years. Intended as a resource for both secondary and post-secondary theatre courses, this text provides a comprehensive…

Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)
A description of the concepts behind Analysis of Variance. Also, see this site: for a "hands-on" experience.

Analytical Chemistry 2.0

Analytical chemistry is more than a collection of analytical methods and an understanding of equilibrium chemistry; it is an approach to solving chemical problems. Although equilibrium chemistry and analytical methods are important, their coverage…

Analytical Chemistry 2.1

Chemistry is the study of matter, including its composition, its structure, its physical properties,
and its reactivity. Although there are many ways to study chemistry, traditionally we divide it into ve areas: organic chemistry, inorganic…

Anatomy & Physiology

Welcome to Human Anatomy and Physiology, an OpenStax College resource. We created this textbook with several goals
in mind: accessibility, customization, and student engagement—helping students reach high levels of academic scholarship.

Anatomy & Physiology

AnatomyandPhysiology-OP_3dxKNqG (1).pdf
Human anatomy is the scientific study of the body’s structures. Some of these structures are very small and can only be observed and analyzed with the assistance of a microscope. Other larger structures can readily be seen, manipulated, measured, and…

Anatomy and Physiology of Animals

2. Anatomy_and_Physiology_of_Animals.pdf
fter completing this section, you should know the:
• symbols used to represent atoms;
• names of molecules commonly found in animal cells;
• characteristics of ions and electrolytes;
• basic structure of carbohydrates with examples;

Anatomy of a Flat Bone

Anatomy of a Flat Bone.jpg
This cross-section of a flat bone shows the spongy bone (diploë) lined on either side by a layer of compact bone.

Anatomy of a Long Bone

Anatomy of a Long Bone.jpg
A typical long bone shows the gross anatomical characteristics of bone.

Android Programming Tutorials

Android Programming Tutorials.pdf
This book has been replaced by the omnibus edition of The Busy Coder's Guide to Android Development, and so this book is no longer available in digital form as a separate title. Visit the page for The Busy Coder's Guide to Android Development to…

Animal (De)liberation: Should the Consumption of Animal Products Be Banned?

Animal (De)Liberation Should the Consumption of Animal Products be Banned.pdf
In this book, Jan Deckers addresses the most crucial question that people must deliberate in relation to how we should treat other animals: whether we should eat animal products. Many people object to the consumption of animal products from the…

Animal Metropolis

Animal Metropolis.pdf
Animal Metropolis brings a Canadian perspective to the growing field of animal history, ranging across species and cities, from the beavers who engineered Stanley Park to the carthorses who shaped the city of Montreal. Some essays consider animals as…


Animals & Ethics 101: Thinking Critically About Animal Rights

Animals & Ethics 101 Thinking Critically About Animal Rights.pdf
This book provides an overview of the current debates about the nature and extent of our moral obligations to animals. Which, if any, uses of animals are morally wrong, which are morally permissible (i.e., not wrong) and why? What, if any, moral…

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Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine:
One Health and its Histories

This book breaks new ground by situating animals and their diseases at the very heart of modern medicine. In demonstrating their historical significance as subjects and shapers of medicine, it offers important insights into past animal lives, and…

Ankle Joint

Ankle Joint.jpg
The talocrural (ankle) joint is a uniaxial hinge joint that only allows for dorsiflexion or plantar flexion of the foot. Movements at the subtalar joint, between the talus and calcaneus bones, combined with motions at other intertarsal joints,…

Anterior View of Skull

Anterior View of Skull.jpg
An anterior view of the skull shows the bones that form the forehead, orbits (eye sockets), nasal cavity, nasal septum, and upper and lower jaws.

Antiracist Writing Assessment Ecologies: Teaching and Assessing Writing for a Socially Just Future

Antiracist Writing Assessment Ecologies Teaching and Assessing Writing for a Socially Just Future.pdf
In Antiracist Writing Assessment Ecologies, Asao B. Inoue theorizes classroom writing assessment as a complex system that is "more than" its interconnected elements. To explain how and why antiracist work in the writing classroom is vital to literacy…

AP Environmental Science

15. AP Environmental Science.pdf
The earth's biogeochemical systems involve complex, dynamic processes that depend upon many factors. The three main factors upon which life on the earth depends.

Applicable Law in Investor–StateArbitration

This book examines the law, national and/or international, that arbitral tribunals apply on the merits to settle disputes between foreign investors and host states. In light of the freedom that the disputing parties and the arbitrators have when…

Applied Calculus

Applied Calculus.pdf
An openly licensed applied calculus textbook, covering derivatives, integrals, and an intro to multivariable calculus. This book is heavily remixed from Dale Hoffman's Contemporary Calculus textbook, and retains the same conceptual focus from that…

Applied Combinatorics

As we hope you will sense right from the beginning, we believe that combinatorial
mathematics is one of the most fascinating and captivating subjects on the planet.
Combinatorics is very concrete and has a wide range of applications, but it also…

Applied Discrete Structures

Applied Discrete Structures.pdf
Applied Discrete Structures, is a two semester undergraduate text in discrete mathematics, focusing on the structural properties of mathematical objects. These include matrices, functions, graphs, trees, lattices and algebraic structures. The…

Applied Ecology

Applied ecology is a framework for the application of knowledge about ecosystems so
that actions can be taken to create a better balance and harmony between people and
nature in order to reduce human impact on other beings and their habitats.


Applied Finite Mathematics

Applied Finite Mathematics.pdf
Applied Finite Mathematics covers topics including linear equations, matrices, linear programming, the mathematics of finance, sets and counting, probability, Markov chains, and game theory.

Applied Probability

Applied Probability.pdf
This is a "first course" in the sense that it presumes no previous course in probability. The mathematical prerequisites are ordinary calculus and the elements of matrix algebra. A few standard series and integrals are used, and double integrals are…

Aquaculture Perspective of Multi-Use Sites in the Open Ocean: The Untapped Potential for Marine Resources in the Anthropocene

Aquaculture Perspective of Muliti-Use Sites in The Open Ocean.pdf
The first-of-its-kind compilation that comprehensively explores the scientific, engineering, economic and policy aspects of marine aquaculture multi-use of offshore platforms
A timely analysis of the rapid development of offshore energy production…

Aquatic Toxicology

The rapid development and dissemination of nanomaterials can put them in contact with living organisms in situations not yet fully understood.

Architectural Origami
MIT 6.849 Geometric Folding Algorithms: Linkages, Origami, Polyhedra, Fall 2012
View the complete course:

Input by : Dian Islamiati
Instructor: Erik Demaine

This class begins with a folding exercise and…

Architecture in the Anthropocene


Research regarding the significance and consequence of anthropogenic transformations of the earth’s land, oceans, biosphere and climate have demonstrated that, from a wide variety of perspectives, it is very likely that humans have initiated a new…



Climate change and globalisation are opening up the Arctic for exploitation by the world – or so we are told. But what about the views, interests and needs of the peoples who live in the region? This volume explores the opportunities and…

Arithmetic for College Students

Arithmetic for College Students.pdf
This book is a course on arithmetic designed for college students. It covers whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, ratios and proportions, measurement, and integers. Geometry and statistics are integrated throughout the text rather than…

Armstrong Calculus

Armstrong Calculus.pdf
The text is mostly an adaptation of two other excellent open- source calculus textbooks: Active Calculus by Dr. Matt Boelkins of Grand Valley State University and Drs. Gregory Hartman, Brian Heinold, Troy Siemers, Dimplekumar Chalishajar, and…

Art of Fugue


Fugue for J. S. Bach was a natural language; he wrote fugues in organ toccatas and voluntaries, in masses and motets, in orchestral and chamber music, and even in his sonatas for violin solo. The more intimate fugues he wrote for keyboard are…

Arts Integration in Elementary Curriculum

Arts Integration in Elementary Curriculum.pdf
This open textbook was created with the support of an ALG Textbook Transformation Grant. Topics include art integration, music integration, physical education / dance integration, and the theoretical foundations of arts integration in education.


Astronomy is written in clear non-technical language, with the occasional touch of humor and a wide range of clarifying illustrations. It has many analogies drawn from everyday life to help non-science majors appreciate, on their own terms, what our…


Atlantoaxial Joint

Atlantoaxial Joint.jpg
The atlantoaxial joint is a pivot type of joint between the dens portion of the axis (C2 vertebra) and the anterior arch of the atlas (C1 vertebra), with the dens held in place by a ligament.

Atomic Physics
Atomic physics is the field of physics that studies atoms as an isolated system of electrons and an atomic nucleus. It is primarily concerned with the arrangement of electrons around the nucleus and the processes by which these arrangements change.…


Muscle mass is reduced as muscles atrophy with disuse.

Augmented Reality


There is at present no publication specifically dedicated to analyzing the philosophical implications of augmented reality. Applications cover diverse fields like psychopathology and education, implications concern issues as diverse as negative…

Axial and Appendicular Skeleton

Axial and Appendicular Skeleton.jpg
The axial skeleton supports the head, neck, back, and chest and thus forms the vertical axis of the body. It consists of the skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum and coccyx), and the thoracic cage, formed by the ribs and sternum. The…

Bacterial and Mycotic Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects

The term “immunocompromised host” describes a patient who is at increased risk for Life-threatening infection as a consequence of a congenital or acquired abnormality of the immune system.

Banking for a Better World

When we look at all the challenges facing the world, including inequality, population migration, and climate change, we can see a role for development banking in nearly all of them. But will that role be played for good or ill? This book brings…

Bankruptcy Law and Practice

This is the first edition of Bankruptcy Law and Practice, a Casebook Designed to Train Lawyers for the Practice of Bankruptcy Law. It is designed for a one-semester course in debtor/creditor law and bankruptcy. The book deals with both creditor…

Basic Analysis: Introduction to Real Analysis

Basic Analysis.pdf
A first course in mathematical analysis. Covers the real number system, sequences and series, continuous functions, the derivative, the Riemann integral, sequences of functions, and metric spaces.

Basic Arithmetic Student Workbook

Basic Arithmetic Workbook.pdf
This workbook was created through the efforts of three instructors at Scottsdale Community College in Scottsdale, Arizona, has been used by thousands of students, and is continually improved. This workbook contains have lessons that were carefully…

Basic Income Tax

Basic Income Tax 2016-2017 Fourth Edition.pdf
This book is the 4th edition of a basic income tax text. It is intended to be a readable text, suitable for a three-hour course for a class comprised of law students with widely different backgrounds. The text integrates several of the CALI drills…

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Basic Microeconomics

Archeological and written records of human existence suggest that obtaining the material means to satisfy wants has been a perpetual problem. Food and shelter are requirements of human life. Other goods satisfy a range
of human desires and…

Basic Political Concepts

Basic Political Concepts.pdf
This short text introduces the basic ideas of political science.


Basics of Fluid Mechanics

Basic of Fluid Mechanics.pdf
Basic Textbook for fluid mechanics class. This book is update regularly on potto home website. The book contains several of the best chapters on various phenomena such surface tension, vortex, stability, integral equations, differential equations.…

Becoming Human: How Evolution Made Us

Becoming Human: How Evolution Made Us is an Irreverent, fast-moving introduction to basic evolutionary theories and human origins. The focus is not just on our prehistory. Becoming Human highlights how evolution affects the way we are today, and…

Beginning and Intermediate Algebra

Beginning and Intermediate Algebra.pdf
Beginning and Intermediate Algebra was designed to reduce textbook costs to students while not reducing the quality of materials. This text includes many detailed examples for each section along with several problems for students to practice and…

Beginning Excel

Beginning Excel.pdf
This textbook was written for a community college introductory course in spreadsheets utilizing Microsoft Excel. While the figures shown utilize Excel 2016, the textbook was written to be applicable to other versions of Excel as well. The book…

Behaviour, Development and Evolution


"The role of parents in shaping the characters of their children, the causes of violence and crime, and the roots of personal unhappiness are central to humanity. Like so many fundamental questions about human existence, these issues all relate to…

Beyond Argument: Essaying as a Practice of (Ex)Change

Beyond Argument Essaying as a Practice of (Ex)Change.pdf
Beyond Argument offers an in-depth examination of how current ways of thinking about the writer-page relation in personal essays can be reconceived according to practices in the care of the self — an ethic by which writers such as Seneca, Montaigne,…

Beyond Dichotomy: Synergizing Writing Center and Classroom Pedagogies

How closely can or should writing centers and writing classrooms collaborate? Beyond Dichotomy explores how research on peer tutoring one-to-one and in small groups can inform our work with students in writing centers and other tutoring programs, as…

Beyond Lean: Simulation in Practice, Second Edition

Beyond Lean Simulation in Practice, Second Edition.pdf
Lean thinking, as well as associated processes and tools, have involved into a ubiquitous perspective for improving systems particularly in the manufacturing arena. With application experience has come an understanding of the boundaries of lean…

Beyond Waters: Archaeology and Environmental History of the Amazonian Inland

Beyond Waters Archaeology and Enviromental History of The Amazonian Inland.pdf
This book is one of the outcomes of the project Cultivated Wilderness: Socio-economic development and environmental change in pre-Columbian Amazonia ( The project has particularly focused on the previously…

Bioeconomy: Shaping the Transition to a Sustainable, Biobased Economy

Broadens your understanding of a sustainable economy
Simplifies multidisciplinary approaches for the transition to a Bioeconomy
Combining principles from agriculture, biotechnology and macroeconomics


Our goal is to present the key observations and unifying concepts upon which modern biology is based; it is not a survey of all biology! Once understood, these foundational observations and concepts should enable you to approach any biological…

Biogeographic Atlas Of The Southern Ocean

Famous lines from the diary of explorer Robert F. Scott, 17 January, 1912: “Great God! This is an awful place, and terrible enough for us to have labored to it without the reward of priority. Now for the run home, and a desperate struggle.” Scott…

Biostratigraphic And Geological Significance Of Planktonic Foraminifera

Foraminifera are marine, free-living, amoeboid protozoa
(in Greek, proto = first and zoa = animals). They are
single-celled eukaryotes (organisms the cytoplasm of
which is organized into a complex structure with internal
membranes and contains a…

Blame It On the WTO: A Human Rights Critique

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is often accused of, at best, not paying enough attention to human rights or, at worst, facilitating and perpetuating human rights abuses. This book weighs these criticisms and examines their validity, incorporating…

Bloomsbury Scientists


Bloomsbury Scientists is the story of the network of scientists and artists living in a square mile of London before and after the First World War. This inspired group of men and women viewed creativity and freedom as the driving force behind…

Body Physics: Motion to Metabolism

Body Physics was designed to meet the objectives of a
one-term high school or freshman level course in
physical science, typically designed to provide nonscience majors and undeclared students with exposure
to the most basic principles in physics…

Bone Cells

Bone Cells.jpg
Four types of cells are found within bone tissue. Osteogenic cells are undifferentiated and develop into osteoblasts. When osteoblasts get trapped within the calcified matrix, their structure and function changes, and they become osteocytes.…

Bone Features

Bone Features.jpg
The surface features of bones depend on their function, location, attachment of ligaments and tendons, or the penetration of blood vessels and nerves.

Bone Marrow Pathology

In this book we have set out to provide a practical guide to bone marrow diagnosis, based on an integrated assessment of peripheral blood and bone marrow aspirate films, trephine biopsy sections and various supplementary investigations. We believe…

Bones of the Foot

Bones of the Foot.jpg
The bones of the foot are divided into three groups. The posterior foot is formed by the seven tarsal bones. The mid-foot has the five metatarsal bones. The toes contain the phalanges.

Bones of the Hand

Bones of the Hand.jpg
This radiograph shows the position of the bones within the hand. Note the carpal bones that form the base of the hand

Bones of the Orbit

Bones of the Orbit.jpg
Seven skull bones contribute to the walls of the orbit. Opening into the posterior orbit from the cranial cavity are the optic canal and superior orbital fissure.

Bones of the Wrist and Hand

Bones of the Wrist and Hand.jpg
The eight carpal bones form the base of the hand. These are arranged into proximal and distal rows of four bones each. The metacarpal bones form the palm of the hand. The thumb and fingers consist of the phalanx bones.

Bones Protect Brain

Bones Protect Brain.jpg
The cranium completely surrounds and protects the brain from non-traumatic injury.

Building Green: Environmental Architects and the Struggle for Sustainability in Mumbai

Building Green Enviromental Architects and The Struggle for Sustainability in Mumbai.pdf
Building Green explores the experience of environmental architects in Mumbai, one of the world’s most populous and population-dense urban areas and a city iconic for its massive informal settlements, extreme wealth asymmetries, and ecological…

Building Maintenance & Construction: Tools and Maintenance Tasks

Building-Maintenance-amp-Construction-Tools-and-Maintenance-Tasks-Interactive (1).pdf
Building Maintenance & Construction: Tools and Maintenance Tasks introduces and develops knowledge of basic building maintenance tools and materials, applied skills and techniques, industry health and safety tandards, and preventive maintenance and…

Building State Capability

Governments play a major role in the development process, and constantly introduce reforms and policies to achieve developmental objectives. Many of these interventions have limited impact, however; schools get built but kids don’t learn, IT systems…

Building Strategy and Performance

Building Strategy and Performance.pdf
This book uses a balanced blend of frameworks and illustrations to teach you how to tackle the challenge of driving performance into the future.

Kim Warren takes special care with this new textbook, Building Strategy and Performance, to ensure…

Burning Bright: Essays in Honour of David Bindman


This book celebrates the work and career of the internationally renowned art historian, David Bindman, on the occasion of his 75th birthday, and is above all a tribute to him from his former students and colleagues. With essays on sculpture,…


Bursae are fluid-filled sacs that serve to prevent friction between skin, muscle, or tendon and an underlying bone. Three major bursae and a fat pad are part of the complex joint that unites the femur and tibia of the leg.

Business 211
Introduction to Business Law

BUSINESS 211_V1.pdf
Lawhas different meanings as well as differentfunctions. Philosophers have considered issues of justice and law for centuries, and several different approaches,
or schools of legal thought, have emerged. In this chapter, we will look at those…

Business Communication for Success

Business Communication for Success is adapted from a work produced by a publisher who has requested that they and the original author not receive attribution. This adapted edition is produced by the University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing…

Business English for Success

5. Business English for Success.pdf
Business English for Success is a creative solution to a common challenge across Business Communication courses: Business English or Business Presentations? Some classes place an equal emphasis on oral and written communication, and if that is the…

Business Ethics

Business Ethics is designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of the single-semester business ethics course. This title includes innovative features designed to enhance student learning, including case studies, application scenarios, and…

Business Information Systems: Design an App for That

Busines infor.png
nformation systems are the combination of people, information technology, and business processes to
accomplish a business objective. Every information system (IS) has people, processes, and information technology. In fact, many IS professionals add…

Business Law and The Legal Environment

3. Business Law and the Legal Environment.pdf
After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
1. Distinguish different philosophies of law—schools of legal thought—and explain their
2. Identify the various aims that a functioning legal system can serve.

Business Plan Development Guide

This textbook and its accompanying spreadsheet templates were designed with and for students wanting a practical and easy-to-follow guide for developing a business plan. It follows a unique format that both explains what to do and demonstrates how to…

Business Processes and Information Technology

Business Processes and Information Technology.pdf
Business Processes and Information Technology takes a business process focus towards understanding and managing operations, information systems, and management/
decision making in contemporary organizations. A wide range of information


This text comprises a three–volume series on Calculus. The first part covers material taught in many “Calc ” courses: limits, derivaves, and the basics of integraon, found in Chapters through . The second text covers material oen taught in “Calc :”…


Gilbert Strang's clear, direct style and detailed, intensive explanations make this textbook ideal as both a course companion and for self-study. Single variable and multivariable calculus are covered in depth. Key examples of the application of…

Calculus - Derivative of an Inverse Function
Calculus lecture explaining the derivative of an inverse function.

Gives a graphical explanation of how the derivative of an inverse function is related to the reciprocal of the derivative of the original function.

Uses the example y = x^2 + 1…

Calculus -- The foundation of modern science

Easy to understand explanation of integrals and derivatives using 3D animations.

Calculus Early Transcendental: an Open Text

Calculus: Early Transcendentals, originally by D. Guichard, has been redesigned by the Lyryx editorial team. Substantial portions of the content, examples, and diagrams have been redeveloped, with additional contributions provided by experienced and…


Calculus for The Life Sciences A Modeling Approach Volume II

Calculus for The Life Sciences A Modeling Approach Volume II.pdf
In our text, mathematical modeling and difference and differential equations lead, closely follow, and extend the elements of calculus. Chapter one introduces mathematical modeling in which students write descriptions of some observed processes and…

Calculus For the Life Sciences: A Modeling Approach Volume I

Calculus for The Life Sciences A Modeling Approach Volume I.pdf
In our text, mathematical modeling and difference and differential equations lead, closely follow, and extend the elements of calculus. Chapter one introduces mathematical modeling in which students write descriptions of some observed processes and…

Calculus using Matlab - Laplace Transform
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Calculus Volume 1

Calculus Volume 1.pdf
Calculus is designed for the typical two- or three-semester general calculus course, incorporating innovative features to enhance student learning. The book guides students through the core concepts of calculus and helps them understand how those…

Calculus Volume 2

Calculus Volume 2.pdf
Calculus is designed for the typical two- or three-semester general calculus course, incorporating innovative features to enhance student learning. The book guides students through the core concepts of calculus and helps them understand how those…

Calculus-Based Physics I

Calculus-Based Physics I.pdf
Calculus-Based Physics is an introductory physics textbook designed for use in the two-semester introductory physics course typically taken by science and engineering students. This is the first of two textbooks for this course.

Canadian History: Pre-Confederation

Canadian History: Pre-Confederation is a survey text that introduces undergraduate students to important themes in North American history to 1867. It provides room for Aboriginal and European agendas and narratives, explores the connections between…

Cardiac Muscle

Cardiac Muscle.jpg
Intercalated discs are part of the cardiac muscle sarcolemma and they contain gap junctions and desmosomes.


Human Anatomy5.jpg
Cardio Exercises Below
1) Jog. You can do this outside on a treadmill or however you like.
2) Jump Rope routine 1
3) 10 Minute Jump Rope routine
4) Exercise Bikes
5) Sports Playing

Care Home Stories : Aging, Disability, and Long-Term Residential Care


Institutional care for seniors offers a cultural repository for fears and hopes about an aging population. Although enormous changes have occurred in how institutional care is structured, the legacies of the poor house still persist, creating…

Care in Healthcare: Reflections on Theory and Practice

Care in Healthcare.pdf
This book examines the concept of care and care practices in healthcare from the interdisciplinary perspectives of continental philosophy, care ethics, the social sciences, and anthropology. Areas addressed include dementia care, midwifery, diabetes…

Carpal Tunnel

Carpal Tunnel.jpg
The carpal tunnel is the passageway by which nine muscle tendons and a major nerve enter the hand from the anterior forearm. The walls and floor of the carpal tunnel are formed by the U-shaped grouping of the carpal bones, and the roof is formed by…

Cars, Conduits, and Kampongs

Cars, Conduits and Kampongs offers a wide panorama of the modernization of Indonesian cities between 1920 and 1960. In examining the multiple responses to innovations introduced by Western colonialism, the contributors demonstrate how modernization,…

Cartiliginous Joints

Cartiliginous Joints.jpg
At cartilaginous joints, bones are united by hyaline cartilage to form a synchondrosis or by fibrocartilage to form a symphysis. (a) The hyaline cartilage of the epiphyseal plate (growth plate) forms a synchondrosis that unites the shaft (diaphysis)…

Cataract Explained from A to Z
This video was created for the contest " anatomy by students, international contest"
Category 5. ENT, ophthalmology, General Practice

This video by Hershko Sarah is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International…

Cell Division: Mitosis

Cell Division Mitosis.jpg
The stages of cell division oversee the separation of identical genetic material into two new nuclei, followed by the division of the cytoplasm.

Cell Membrane

Cell Membrane.jpg
The cell membrane of the cell is a phospholipid bilayer containing many different molecular components, including proteins and cholesterol, some with carbohydrate groups attached.

Cells of Epithelial Tissue

Cells of Epithelial Tissue.jpg
Simple epithelial tissue is organized as a single layer of cells and stratified epithelial tissue is formed by several layers of cells.

Cells of the Epidermis

Cells of the Epidermis.jpg
The cells in the different layers of the epidermis originate from basal cells located in the stratum basale, yet the cells of each layer are distinctively different.

Cervical Vertebrae

Cervical Vertebrae.jpg
A typical cervical vertebra has a small body, a bifid spinous process, transverse processes that have a transverse foramen and are curved for spinal nerve passage. The atlas (C1 vertebra) does not have a body or spinous process. It consists of an…

Chambers and Circulation through the Heart

Human Anatomy6.jpg
Dual System of the Human Blood Circulation. Blood flows from the right atrium to the right ventricle, where it is pumped into the pulmonary circuit. The blood in the pulmonary artery branches is low in oxygen but relatively high in carbon dioxide.…

Chemical Bath deposition of crystalline Cu4SnS4 Thin Films

Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the Sun. It is a free, clean energy and inexhaustible resource. Solar cell is consisting of two types of semiconductors, namely p-type and n-type materials. When sunlight is absorbed by these materials, the…

Chemical Process Dynamics and Controls

Process controls is a mixture between the statistics and engineering discipline that deals with the mechanism, architectures, and algorithms for controlling a process. Some examples of controlled processes are:
•Controlling the temperature of a…


Chemistry is designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of the two-semester general chemistry course. The textbook provides an important opportunity for students to learn the core concepts of chemistry and understand how those concepts…


Chemistry: Atoms First

7. Chemistry - Atoms First.pdf
Chemistry - Atoms First is a peer-reviewed, openly licensed introductory textbook produced through a collaborative publishing partnership between OpenStax and the University of Connecticut and UConn Student Government Association. This title is an…

Childhood in the Late Ottoman Empire and After

This title, in its entirety, is available online in Open Access. This volume explores the ways childhood was experienced, lived and remembered in the late Ottoman Empire and its successor states in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries…

Chinese Rhetoric and Writing: An Introduction for Language Teachers

The primary aim of this book is to give teachers of writing, especially those involved in the teaching of English academic writing to Chinese students, an
introduction to key stages in the development of Chinese rhetoric. The book will make Western…

Choosing & Using Sources: A Guide to Academic Research

Choosing & Using Sources A Guide to Academic Research.pdf
Choosing & Using Sources presents a process for academic research and writing, from formulating your research question to selecting good information and using it effectively in your research assignments. Additional chapters cover understanding types…

Chronic Coronary Artery Disease
A lecture on chronic coronary artery disease by Dr. Kim Eagle, M.D. This lecture was taught as a part of the University of Michigan Medical School's M2 - Cardiovascular Sequence

View the course…

Circulatory Derangements I
A lecture on Circulatory Derangements by Dr. Gerald Abrams, M.D. This lecture was taught as a part of the University of Michigan Medical School's M1 - Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sequence.

View the course…

Circulatory Derangements II
A lecture on Circulatory Derangements by Dr. Gerald Abrams, M.D. This lecture was taught as a part of the University of Michigan Medical School's M1 - Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sequence.

View the course…

Circulatory System

Human Anatomy_Circulatory System.jpg
The circulatory system includes the heart, blood, and a huge network of blood vessels that carry blood all over the body. The job of the circulatory system is to deliver oxygen to cells all over the body and then to carry out waste product like…

Civil Procedure: Pleading

Civil Procedure Pleading.pdf
This chapter covers the Civil Procedure topic of Pleading: The Plaintiff‘s Complaint. The chapter takes approximately four class periods to cover in detail. The student is exposed to cases, presented with questions that are designed to both guide…

CLARIN in the Low Countries


"This book describes the results of activities undertaken to construct the CLARIN research infrastructure in the Low Countries, i.e., in the Netherlands and in Flanders (the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium). CLARIN is a European research…

Classifications of Bones

Classifications of Bones.jpg
Bones are classified according to their shape.

Climate Smart Agriculture: Building Resilience to Climate Change

Climate Smart Agriculture.pdf
The book uses an economic lens to identify the main features of climate-smart agriculture (CSA), its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. Drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional,…

Clinical Biochemistry

The pre-analytical phase is defined as the period from the physician’s indication of the test up to the laboratory
analysis of the biological material. In other words, this phase involves an individual’s preparation for collection of the biological…

Clinical Pharmacy
What is Clinical Pharmacy

Source: article, adapted under license.

Clinical pharmacy is the branch of pharmacy in which pharmacists provide patient care that optimizes the use of…


This photograph shows a baby with a clubfoot.Clubfoot is a common deformity of the ankle and foot that is present at birth. Most cases are corrected without surgery, and affected individuals will grow up to lead normal, active lives.…

Coastal Lagoons in Europe: Integrated Water Resource Strategies

Coastal Lagoons in Europe.pdf
Lagoons represent nearly 13% of the shoreline globally and around 5% in Europe. Coastal lagoons are shallow water bodies separated from the ocean by a barrier (e.g., narrow spit), connected at least intermittently to the ocean by one or more…

Cognitive Psychology

Cgnitive Psychology.pdf
Imagine all of your thoughts as if they were physical entities, swirling rapidly inside your mind. How is it possible that the brain is able to move from one thought to the next in an organized, orderly fashion? The brain is endlessly perceiving,…

Cohabitation and Marriage in the Americas: Geo-historical Legacies and New Trends

This open access book presents an innovative study of the rise of unmarried cohabitation in the Americas, from Canada to Argentina. Using an extensive sample of individual census data for nearly all countries on the continent, it offers a…

Collaborative Statistics

Collaborative Statistics.pdf
Collaborative Statistics was written by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean, faculty members at De Anza College in Cupertino, California. The textbook was developed over several years and has been used in regular and honors-level classroom settings and…

College Algebra

College Algebra.pdf
College Algebra is an introductory text for a college algebra survey course. The material is presented at a level intended to prepare students for Calculus while also giving them relevant mathematical skills that can be used in other classes. The…

College Algebra

It’s a cold day in Antarctica. In fact, it’s always a cold day in Antarctica. Earth’s southernmost continent, Antarctica experiences the coldest, driest, and windiest conditions known. The coldest temperature ever recorded, over one hundred degrees…

College ESL Writers Applied Grammar and Composing Strategies for Success

College ESL Writers Applied Grammar and Composing Strategies for Success.pdf
College ESL Writers: Applied Grammar and Composing Strategies for Success is designed as a comprehensive grammar and writing etext for high intermediate and advanced level non-native speakers of English. We open the text with a discussion on the…

College Physics

College Physics.pdf
This introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics book is grounded with real-world examples, illustrations, and explanations to help students grasp key, fundamental physics concepts. This online, fully editable and customizable title…


Combinatorics is a subfield of "discrete mathematics," so we should begin by asking what discrete mathematics means. The differences are to some extent a matter of opinion, and various mathematicians might classify specific topics…

Combinatorics Through Guided Discovery

Combinatorics Through Guided Discovery.pdf
This book is an introduction to combinatorial mathematics, also known as combinatorics. The book focuses especially but not exclusively on the part of combinatorics that mathematicians refer to as "counting." The book consist almost entirely of…

Coming of Age in Byzantium : Adolescence and Society

The various phases of life and their manifestations in theory and social reality constitute a well-established area of research in the fields of western medieval studies and ancient history. In this respect the Byzantine East has been widely…

Commercial Communication in the Digital Age : Information or Disinformation?

In today’s digital age, online and mobile advertising are of growing importance, with advertising no longer bound to the traditional media industry. Although the advertising industry still has broader access to the different measures and channels,…

Communication Beginnings: An Introductory Listening and Speaking Text for English Language Learners

Communication Beginnings An Introductory Listening and Speaking Text for English Language Learners.pdf
This textbook is designed for beginning-intermediate English language learners. It is composed of 7 chapters, each of which covers specific speaking and listening learning objectives and includes dialogues, interviews, discussions and conversation…

Communication for Business Success (Canadian Edition)

Communication for Business Success (Canadian Edition).pdf

The text has three content categories:

Process and products

The first three chapters form the core foundation for the study of oral and written business communication. The next sequence of chapters focus…

Communication in the Real World: An Introduction to Communication Studies

Communication in the Real World: An Introduction to Communication Studies overviews the time-tested conceptual foundations of the field, while incorporating the latest research and cutting-edge applications of these basics. Each chapter will include…

Communication Theory

This book is an introduction to communication theory — the theory of how humans share, encode, and decode what they know, what they need, and what they expect from each other.

Communicative Figurations: Transforming Communications in Times of Deep Mediatization

This open access volume is about how to research the influence of our changing media environment. Today, there is not one single medium that is the driving force of change. With the spreading of various technical communication media such as mobile…

Compact Anthology of World Literature

Compact Anthology of World Literature.pdf
The introductions in this anthology are meant to be just that: a basic overview of what students need to know before they begin reading, with topics that students can research further. An open access literature textbook cannot be a history book at…

Comprehensive Individualized Curriculum and Instructional Design: Curriculum and Instruction for Students with Developmental Disabilities/Autism Spectrum Disorders

Comprehensive Individualized Curriculum and Instructional Design.pdf
This open textbook addresses the population of individuals with disabilities that experience complex lifelong needs across multiple areas in their lives. Drs. Sennott and Loman drafted this book (along with the help from some friends) with the hope…

Computational Biology
What is Computational Biology

Source: article, adapted under license.

Computational biology involves the development and application of data-analytical and theoretical methods,…

Computer And PC Designs

Before we go into details on various computer designs concepts, we need to
understand how to interpret the performance of a computer system. To start with, we will look at some basic metric and benchmarks for the measurement of a computer's…

Computer Networks

Nowadays, everyone is using the Internet. We have hooked our computers to the
Internet, where we can access information and transmit messages. The Internet is a
very large computer network. Computer networks are so important in our daily life

Concept Development Studies in Chemistry

10. concept-development-studies-in-chemistry-5.6.pdf
Concept Development Studies in Chemistry is an on-line textbook for an Introductory General Chemistry course. Each module develops a central concept in Chemistry from experimental observations and inductive reasoning. This approach complements an…

Concepts of Biology

Concepts of Biology is designed for the typical introductory biology course for nonmajors, covering standard scope and sequence requirements. The text includes interesting applications and conveys the major themes of biology, with content that is…

Concepts of Biology-1st Canadian Edition

In this survey text, directed at those not majoring in biology, we dispel the assumption that a little learning is a dangerous thing. We hope that by skimming the surface of a very deep subject, biology, we may inspire you to drink more deeply and…

Connective Tissue Proper

Connective Tissue Proper.jpg
Fibroblasts produce this fibrous tissue. Connective tissue proper includes the fixed cells fibrocytes, adipocytes, and mesenchymal cells.

Conservation and Biodiversity

Biodiversity is perhaps the hottest topic in ecology textbooks and courses worldwide
today. One very basic (core) objective of country park management is to conserve

Contemporary Biology Development

We’ll begin with a brief introduction to the two main types of stem cells, embryonic
and adult stem cells. We’ll then discuss stem cell potency.
The second section “Stem cells in research and diseases management” will focus on
the opportunities…

Contemporary Calculus

How to Succeed in Beginning Calculus
Calculus is the mathematics of CHANGE and almost everything in our world is changing.
Calculus is among the most important and useful developments of human thought, and, even though it is over 300 years old, it…

Contemporary Issues in Human Rights Law

Contemporary Issues in Human Rights Law.pdf
This book analyzes issues in human rights law from a variety of perspectives by eminent European and Asian professors of constitutional law, international public law, and European Union law.

As a result, their contributions collected here…

Contract Doctrine, Theory & Practice - Volume 1

Contract Doctrine, Theory & Practice - Volume 1.pdf
This is the first in a series of Contracts casebooks. It was originally titled "Collaborative Teaching Materials for Contracts."

The first semester of law school is mostly about learning to speak a new legal language (but emphatically not…

Contract Doctrine, Theory & Practice - Volume 2

Contract Doctrine, Theory & Practice - Volume 2.pdf
This is Volume 2 in a three volume series written for Contracts Law. Its orginal title was "Collaborative Teaching Materials for Contracts."

The first semester of law school is mostly about learning to speak a new legal language (but emphatically…

Contract Doctrine, Theory & Practice - Volume 3

Contract Doctrine, Theory & Practice - Volume 3.pdf
This is Volume 3 in a three volume series written for Contracts Law. Its former title is "Collaborative Teaching Materials for Contracts."

The first semester of law school is mostly about learning to speak a new legal language (but emphatically…

Contraction of a Muscle Fiber

Contraction of a Muscle Fiber.jpg
A cross-bridge forms between actin and the myosin heads triggering contraction. As long as Ca++ ions remain in the sarcoplasm to bind to troponin, and as long as ATP is available, the muscle fiber will continue to shorten.

Conventions 101: A Functional Approach to Teaching (And Assessing!) Grammar and Punctuation

This is a collection of cumulative units of study for conventional errors common in student writing. It’s flexible, functional, and zeroes in problems typically seen in writing of all types, from the eternal “there/they’re/their” struggle to correct…

Conversations with Kenelm Essays on the Theology of the Commedia


In a celebratory moment of the Paradiso, Dante has Thomas go round the circle of sage spirits identifying each in turn in point of proper calling and confirming how it is that self is everywhere present to the other-than-self as a co-efficient of…

Copy(write): Intellectual Property in the Writing Classroom

Copy(write) Intellectual Property in the Writing Classroom.pdf
The editors of Copy(write): Intellectual Property in the Writing Classroom bring together stories, theories, and research that can further inform the ways in which we situate and address intellectual property issues in our writing classrooms. The…


Core Concepts of Marketing

Through good economic times and bad, marketing remains the pivotal function in any business. Determining and satisfying the needs of customers through products that have value and accessibility and whose features are clearly communicated is…

Corporate Governance

Corporate Governance.pdf
Corporate Governance by de Kluyver is a primer on corporate governance. It is designed to help students understand corporate governance by looking at the subject from both a macro- and micro-perspective.

Historical data and examples including the…


Corporate Memory : Records and Information Management in the Knowledge Age
Modify Search | New Search

Corporate memory' is the body of information that an organization needs to keep for re-use. It is the active and historical information that an organization has that is worth sharing, managing and preserving to enable it to function effectively. This…

Corruption in South Africa's liberal democratic context : Equipping Christian leaders and communities for their role in countering corruption

This book is meant for academics in the fields of theology and ecclesial management, for business leaders and governmental authorities in the private and public domain. This collected work by mainly practical theologians reflects on the phenomenon of…

Cranial Fossae

Cranial Fossae.jpg
The bones of the brain case surround and protect the brain, which occupies the cranial cavity. The base of the brain case, which forms the floor of cranial cavity, is subdivided into the shallow anterior cranial fossa, the middle cranial fossa, and…

Creative Clinical Teaching In The Health Professions

This peer reviewed e-book is a must-read for nurses and other health professionals who strive to teach with creativity and excellence in clinical settings. Each chapter presents current evidence informed educational practice knowledge. Each topic is…

Criminal Law

Criminal Law.pdf
Criminal Law begins with the foundations of law and the legal system and then extensively explores criminal laws and defenses using general state principles, federal law, the Constitution, and the Model Penal Code as guidelines.
Although it is…

Critical Expressivism: Theory and Practice in the Composition Classroom

Critical Expressivism is an ambitious attempt to re-appropriate intellectual territory that has more often been charted by its detractors than by its proponents. Indeed, as Peter Elbow observes in his contribution to this volume, "As far as I can…

Critical Management Studies in the South African context

The purpose of the book is to establish the first formalised scholarly work on critical management studies (CMS) in the South African context. The book is a collection of seven chapters, six of which employ a conceptual methodology and one of which…

Critical Theory of Communication: New Readings of Lukács, Adorno, Marcuse, Honneth and Habermas in the Age of the Internet


"This book contributes to the foundations of a critical theory of communication as shaped by the forces of digital capitalism. One of the world's leading theorists of digital media Professor Christian Fuchs explores how the thought of some of the…

Cultural Geography

1. Cultural Geography_1860647030.pdf
Cultural geography is an exciting, lively and diverse field, the energy and vitality of which is indicated by our decision to pluralise the term in this editorial preface. Cultural geographies, as currently practised, are now much wider in scope than…

Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

The concepts of cultural diversity and cultural identity are at the forefront of the political debate in many western societies. In Europe, the discussion is stimulated by the political pressures associated with immigration flows, which are…

Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

The concepts of cultural diversity and cultural identity are at the forefront of the political debate in many western societies. In Europe, the discussion is stimulated by the political pressures associated with immigration flows, which are…

Culture and Media

In 1850, an epidemic swept America—but instead of
leaving victims sick with fever or flu, this epidemic
involved a rabid craze for the music of Swedish soprano Jenny Lind. American showman P. T. Barnum (who would later go on to found the circus now…

Cycling Futures

Australasian researchers, practitioners, policy makers and community members are engaged in a global discussion on the role of cycling in addressing these concerns. Contributors to this book report on and extend this discussion as they explore the…

Dalton State College APEX Calculus

Dalton State College APEX Calculus.pdf
This text for Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, II, and III is a Dalton State College remix of APEX Calculus 3.0. The text was created through a Round Six ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Topics covered in this text include:


Database Design

This book presents the concepts used in database systems, focusing on design process.

Database Design - 2nd Edition

5. Database Design - 2nd Edition.pdf
Database Design - 2nd Edition covers database systems and database design concepts. New to this edition are SQL info, additional examples, key terms and review exercises at the end of each chapter.

DC Circuits

DC Circuits, 1st Edition - Davis, 2016.pdf
This book covers Direct Current (DC) circuit theory and is broken up into three modules. Module 1 covers the basics for circuits that include DC sources (voltage or current) and resistors. Even though Module 1 is not very difficult, it forms the…

Death of the PostHuman : Essays on Extinction, Vol. 1

Death of the PostHuman undertakes a series of critical encounters with the legacy of what had come to be known as 'theory,' and its contemporary supposedly post-human aftermath. There can be no redemptive post-human future in which the myopia and…

Debating Humanity Towards a Philosophical Sociology

The question 'what is a human being?' remains one of the most vexing intellectual tasks. Debating Humanity reconstructs how contemporary sociologists and philosophers – among others, Arendt, Taylor, Archer and Boltanski – understand the key…

Delftse Foundations of Computation

DelftseFoundations of Computation.pdf
Delftse Foundations of Computation is a textbook for a one quarter introductory course in theoretical computer science. It includes topics from propositional
and predicate logic, proof techniques, set theory and the theory of computation, along with…

Dense Connective Tissue

Dense Connective Tissue.jpg
(a) Dense regular connective tissue consists of collagenous fibers packed into parallel bundles. (b) Dense irregular connective tissue consists of collagenous fibers interwoven into a mesh-like network. From top,

Density of Different States
In this video we are going to look at what density is, how it is measured and the differences in density between the different states of matter. Informally, density is a measure of how ‘packed’ a material is with mass. Density is defined as the mass…


Esta publicación es posible gracias al proyecto “Fortaleciendo la Democracia a través del Ciudadanía Digital en Chile y México”, desarollado por La Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile y el Instituto Belisario Domínguez del Senado de México, y…

Design Discourse: Composing and Revising Programs in Professional and Technical Writing

Design Discourse: Composing and Revising Programs in Professional and Technical Writing, edited by David Franke, Alex Reid, and Anthony Di Renzo, addresses the complexities of developing professional and technical writing programs. The essays in the…

Develop a portfolio to demonstrate school leadership & management competence

As a student on the ACE programme for school leadership you will be actively involved in a learning process aimed at developing or improving your competencen in respect of a range of areas relating to your management and leadership role in the school…

Developing New Products and Services

A central theme of this book is that there is, or should be, a constant struggle going on
in every organization, business, and system. The struggle is fueled by the dynamic
tension that exists between delivering Midas feature-rich versions of…

Developmental Psychology

Psychology 172 Textbook with cover.pdf
Welcome to the study of human growth and development, commonly referred to as the “womb to tomb” course because it is the story of our journeys from conception to death. Human development is the study of how we change over time. Think about how you…

Diabetes in Pregnancy
Visit us ( for health and medicine content or ( for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational…

Diagram of Blood and Nerve Supply to Bone

Diagram of Blood and Nerve Supply to Bone.jpg
Blood vessels and nerves enter the bone through the nutrient foramen.

Diagram of Compact Bone

Diagram of Compact Bone.jpg
(a) This cross-sectional view of compact bone shows the basic structural unit, the osteon. (b) In this micrograph of the osteon, you can clearly see the concentric lamellae and central canals.

Diagram of Spongy Bone

Diagram of Spongy Bone.jpg
Spongy bone is composed of trabeculae that contain the osteocytes. Red marrow fills the spaces in some bones.

Die Welt der Commons : Muster gemeinsamen Handelns

The logic of capitalism is that of dividing and sharing. Only that in capitalism, people do not share, but rather, they themselves are divided up. For this reason, the British historian E.P. Thompson claims that »it was always a problem to explain…

Digestive System

Our bodies need food to live and grow. The digestive system takes food and carries it to all the parts of the body.

The beginning of the digestive system is the mouth and teeth. Food that we eat has to be broken down into nutrients that cells in…

Digital Classics Outside the Echo-Chamber

This volume, edited by the organizers of the “Digital Classicist” seminars series, presents research in classical studies, digital classics and digital humanities, bringing together scholarship that addresses the impact of the study of classical…

Digital Material

Three decades of societal and cultural alignment of new media have yielded a host of innovations, trials, and problems, accompanied by versatile popular and academic discourse. New Media Studies crystallized internationally into an established…

Digital Scholarly Editing : Theories and Practices


"This volume presents the state of the art in digital scholarly editing. Drawing together the work of established and emerging researchers, it gives pause at a crucial moment in the history of technology in order to offer a sustained reflection on…


A disaccharide is a pair of monosaccharides. Disaccharides are formed via dehydration synthesis, and the bond linking them is referred to as a glycosidic bond (glyco- = “sugar”). Three disaccharides are important to humans. These are sucrose,…

Discrete Mathematics

Discrete Mathematics.pdf
his text was written to be used as the primary text for the class Discrete Mathematics (Math 228) at the University of Northern Colorado. The course serves as the role of a transitions course (introduction to proof), as well as an introduction to…

Diseases of Children in the Subtropics and Tropics

Diseases of Children in the Subtropics and Tropics.pdf
Paediatrics is often thought of as following two main routes. One is that of ultra-technology and ever-narrower specialization. The other is recognition of child health in a community context, related to family circumstances (especially the health…

Diversity and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns

Diversity and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns.pdf
This book facilitates an integrative understanding of the development, genetics and evolution of butterfly wing patterns. To develop a deep and realistic understanding of the diversity and evolution of butterfly wing patterns, it is essential and…


In the DNA double helix, two strands attach via hydrogen bonds between the bases of the component nucleotides.

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DNA Macrostructure

DNA Macrostructure.jpg
Strands of DNA are wrapped around supporting histones. These proteins are increasingly bundled and condensed into chromatin, which is packed tightly into chromosomes when the cell is ready to divide.

DNA Replication
In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule. This process occurs in all living organisms and is the basis for biological inheritance. DNA is made up of a…

DNA Replication

DNA Replication.jpg
DNA replication faithfully duplicates the entire genome of the cell. During DNA replication, a number of different enzymes work together to pull apart the two strands so each strand can be used as a template to synthesize new complementary strands.…

Doing the Right Thing : A Value Based Economy

"This book is for all those who are seeking a human perspective on economic and organizational processes. It lays the foundations for a value based approach to the economy. The key questions are: “What is important to you or your organization?” “What…

Dorsal and Ventral Body Cavities

The posterior (dorsal) and anterior (ventral) cavities are each subdivided into smaller cavities. In the posterior (dorsal) cavity, the cranial cavity houses the brain, and the spinal cavity (or vertebral cavity) encloses the spinal cord. Just as the…

Drawing Futures


Drawing Futures brings together international designers and artists for speculations in contemporary drawing for art and architecture. Despite numerous developments in technological manufacture and computational design that provide new grounds for…

Dutch Atlantic Connections, 1680-1800

This title is available online in its entirety in Open Access. Dutch Atlantic Connections reevaluates the role of the Dutch in the Atlantic between 1680-1800. It shows how pivotal the Dutch were for the functioning of the Atlantic sytem by…

e-Learning cookbook. TPACK in professional development in higher education


Information and communication technology (ICT) makes it possible to bring information to everyone who wants to learn. Rapid advances in technology offer strong support for using ICT in teaching. Online education can intensify and improve students'…

Earth & Space Science

This text is meant to act as an additional resource to the interactive, model-based Earth Science classroom
that follows the Mesa Schools current curriculum map. In the tying of concepts, terms and connection in
the dynamic Earth Science classroom,…

Earth Observation Open Science and Innovation

Earth Observation Open Science and Innovation.pdf
Over the past decades, rapid developments in digital and sensing technologies, such as the Cloud, Web and Internet of Things, have dramatically changed the way we live and work. The digital transformation is revolutionizing our ability to…

Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Nuclear Risks

Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Nuclear Risks.pdf
This book covers seismic probabilistic risk assessment (S-PRA) and related studies which have become more important to increase the safety of nuclear facilities against earthquakes and tsunamis in the face of the many uncertainties after the…

East and West in the Roman Empire of the Fourth Century

In East and West in the Roman Empire of the Fourth Century scholars examine from different angles to which degree the empire was still unified and whether it was perceived as such in the fourth century AD.


Eccrine Gland

Eccrine Gland.jpg
Eccrine glands are coiled glands in the dermis that release sweat that is mostly water.

Economics: Theory Through Applications

Economics - Theory Through Applications.pdf
Russell Cooper and Andrew John have written an economics text aimed directly at students from its very inception. You’re thinking, ”Yeah, sure. I’ve heard that before.“

This textbook, Economics: Theory Through Applications, centers around student…

Education for a Digital World: Advice, Guidelines and Effective Practice from Around Globe

Education for a Digital World Advice, Guidelines, and Effective Practice from Around the Globe.pdf
Education for a Digital World contains a comprehensive collection of proven strategies and tools for effective online teaching, based on the principles of learning as a social process. It offers practical, contemporary guidance to support e-learning…


Education, Learning, Training

In Education, Learning, Training: Critical Issues for Development, renowned scholars and practitioners examine shifts in global education policy and practice over the last 50 years.

Educational Administration: The Roles of Leadership and Management

This module has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and sanctioned by the National
Council of the Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a scholarly
contribution to the knowledge base in educational administration

Educational Learning Theories

Educational Learning Theories.pdf
This open textbook was the result of a remix of pre-existing open materials collected and reviewed by Molly Zhou and David Brown. Learning theories covered include the theories of Piaget, Bandura, Vygotsky, Kohlberg, Dewey, Bronfenbrenner, Eriksen,…

Educational Psychology

A teacher named Ashley reflects: She looked around the classroom, enjoying a blessed moment of quiet after the students left at the end of the day. “Ashley, the teacher, that’s me”, she said proudly to the empty room. “But why am I doing this?” she…


eGirls, eCitizens is a landmark work that explores the many forces that shape girls’ and young women’s experiences of privacy, identity, and equality in our digitally networked society. Drawing on the multi-disciplinary expertise of a remarkable team…

Elbow Joint

Elbow Joint.jpg
(a) The elbow is a hinge joint that allows only for flexion and extension of the forearm. (b) It is supported by the ulnar and radial collateral ligaments. (c) The annular ligament supports the head of the radius at the proximal radioulnar joint, the…

Electromagnetic Fields and Energy

Electromagnetic Fields and Energy.pdf
Published in 1989 by Prentice-Hall, this book is a useful resource for educators and self-learners alike. The text is aimed at those who have seen Maxwell's equations in integral and differential form and who have been exposed to some integral…

Electromagnetics Volume I

Electromagnetic Fields and Energy.pdf
Published in 1989 by Prentice-Hall, this book is a useful resource for educators and self-learners alike. The text is aimed at those who have seen Maxwell's equations in integral and differential form and who have been exposed to some integral…

Electromechanical Dynamics

Electromechanical Dynamics.pdf
First published in 1968 by John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Electromechanical Dynamics discusses the interaction of electromagnetic fields with media in motion. The subject combines classical mechanics and electromagnetic theory and provides opportunities…

Electronic Commerce: The Strategic Perspective

This book is written both for practitioners and business students. Managers wishing to understand how electronic commerce is revolutionizing business will find that our comprehensive coverage of essential business issues (e.g., pricing and…

Elementary Algebra

Elementary Algebra.pdf
This is the Elementary Algebra textbook used by the Department of Mathematics in their Elementary Algebra course at College of the Redwoods, Eureka, California.
License: Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike Noncommercial. This license is very…

Elementary Algebra

Elementary Algebra.pdf
Elementary Algebra is a work text that covers the traditional topics studied in a modern elementary algebra course. Use of this book will help the student develop the insight and intuition necessary to master algebraic techniques and manipulative…

Elementary Algebra

Elementary Algebra is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY) license, which means that you can distribute, remix, and build upon the content, as long as you provide attribution to OpenStax and its content…

Elementary College Geometry

Elementary College Geometry.pdf
This text is intended for a brief introductory course in plane geometry. It covers the topics from elementary geometry that are most likely to be required for more advanced mathematics courses. The only prerequisite is a semester of algebra.


Elementary Diferrential Equantions

Elementary Differential Equations by William F. Trench Andrew G. Cowles Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Department of Mathematics, Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas, USA,Previously published by Brooks/Cole Thomson Learning, 2000. This book has…

Elementary Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems

Elementary Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems is written for students in science, engineering, and mathematics who have completed calculus through partial differentiation.

An elementary text should be written so the student…

Elements of Robotics

Elements of Robotics.pdf
This book bridges the gap between playing with robots in school and studying robotics at the upper undergraduate and graduate levels to prepare for careers in industry and research. Robotic algorithms are presented formally, but using only…

Elements of the Human Body

Elements of the Human Body.jpg
The main elements that compose the human body are shown from most abundant to least abundant.

eMarketing the Essential Guide to Online Marketing

eMarketing The Essential Guide to Online Marketing.pdf
This book may have my name on the cover, but in comparison to the enormous number of contributors my role has been minimal to say the least. I am largely the project champion. From the smart contributors in our early Quirk days and now the very…

Embedded Controllers Using C and Arduino / 2E

This text is designed to introduce and expand upon material related to the C programming language and embedded controllers, and specifically, the Arduino development system and associated Atmel ATmega microcontrollers. It is intended to fit the time…

Embryo at Seven Weeks

Embryo at Seven Weeks.jpg
Limb buds are visible in an embryo at the end of the seventh week of development (embryo derived from an ectopic pregnancy)

Embryonic Origin of Tissues

Embryonic Origin of Tissues.jpg
The zygote, or fertilized egg, is a single cell formed by the fusion of an egg and sperm. After fertilization the zygote gives rise to rapid mitotic cycles, generating many cells to form the embryo. The first embryonic cells generated have the…

Emerging Technologies

Despite all advances in computing technologies, the human-computer interface and the interactions that it provides are the most fundamental. Some of the most anticipated advancements in computer technology lie in the area of interfaces – not least…

Emotions, Senses, Spaces: Ethnographic Engagements and Intersections


This volume draws together three core concerns for the social sciences: the senses and embodiment, emotions, and space and place. The chapters engage with intersections between space, sense and emotion through a range of experiences and activities…

Endochondral Ossification

Endochondral Ossification.jpg
Endochondral ossification follows five steps. (a) Mesenchymal cells differentiate into chondrocytes. (b) The cartilage model of the future bony skeleton and the perichondrium form. (c) Capillaries penetrate cartilage. Perichondrium transforms into…

Endocrine System and Influence on Behavior - Part 1
Created by Ryan Scott Patton.

Watch the next lesson:


Endocrine System and Influence on Behavior Part 2
Created by Ryan Scott Patton.

Watch the next lesson:

Missed the previous lesson?…

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER).jpg
(a) The ER is a winding network of thin membranous sacs found in close association with the cell nucleus. The smooth and rough endoplasmic reticula are very different in appearance and function (source: mouse tissue). (b) Rough ER is studded with…

Enduring Uncertainty


Focusing on the lived experience of immigration policy and processes, this volume provides fascinating insights into the deportation process as it is felt and understood by those subjected to it. The author presents a rich and innovative…

Energy Poverty

Energy Poverty.pdf
This book is the direct result of nearly five years of work on the Energy Vulnerability and Urban Transitions in Europe project (, generously
supported by a Starting Grant from the European Research Council—under the European…

Energy Poverty : (Dis)Assembling Europe’s Infrastructural Divide

EVALUATE is a multi-sited study, involving extensive research across a variety of cities and countries. Focusing primarily on four Central and Eastern European cities (Budapest, Gdańsk, Prague and Skopje) the project has undertaken a customized…

English Composition

Socrates: And now, let me show in a figure how far our nature is enlightenedor unenlightened: — Behold!
human beings living in a underground den, which has a mouth open towards the light and reaching all along the den; here they have been from their…

Entrepreneurial Cognition

Entrepreneurial Cognition.pdf
The topic of entrepreneurial cognition has fascinated us and motivated our research
over the last two decades. Although this research has resulted in publications in the top entrepreneurship, strategy, management, and psychology journals,

Entrepreneurship and Innovation Toolkit

Entrepreneurship and Innovation Toolkit.pdf
This book is designed for upper year undergraduate students and graduate students studying fundamental entrepreneurship concepts

Entrepreneurship Education and Training

Entrepreneurship has a tremendous impact on the economic development of a
country, so much that entrepreneurship is seen as a solution for the fast changing
economic demands worldwide and has been recognized as a path to sustainable

Environment in the lives of children and families

Epdf available Open Access under CC-BY licence. Based on involved creative, qualitative work with families in India and the UK who live in different contexts, this book illuminates how environmental practices are negotiated within families, and how…

Environment, Trade and Society in Southeast Asia

This title is available online in its entirety in Open Access. In Environment, Trade and Society in Southeast Asia: A Longue Dur

Environmental Biology

12. Environmental-Biology.pdf
Environmental Biology enables students to develop a nuanced understanding of today’s most pressing environmental issues. This text helps students grasp the scientific foundation of these issues so that they can better understand the world around them…

Environmental Control, Monitoring And Modeling

We start by defining air pollution and examining the main sources of air pollution. We then classify air pollutants according to origin, chemical composition, state of matter, and area of impact; and examine the effects of air pollution, particularly…

Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a widely used tool for assessing the
environmental implications of projects, policies and plans. It is also an integral part of the decision-making processes involving environmental issues. With the…

ePortfolio Performance Support Systems Constructing, Presenting, and Assessing Portfolios

ePortfolio Performance Support Systems: Constructing, Presenting, and Assessing Portfolios addresses theories and practices advanced by some of the most innovative and active proponents of ePortfolios. Editors Katherine V. Wills and Rich Rice…


Essential of Geographic Information Systems

Essential of Geographic Information Systems.pdf

Essentials of Geographic Information Systems integrates key concepts behind the technology with practical concerns and real-world applications. Recognizing that many potential GIS users are nonspecialists or may only need a few maps, this book is…

Created by Vishal Punwani.

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Ethics and Civil Drones

Ethics and Civil Drones.pdf
This open access book disseminates some of the results of the European H2020 AiRT Project (Technology transfer of RPAs for the creative industry). In particular, it presents findings related to mitigating safety and security concerns when civil…

Ethics for A-Level

What does pleasure have to do with morality? What role, if any, should intuition have in the formation of moral theory? If something is ‘simulated’, can it be immoral?

This accessible and wide-ranging textbook explores these questions and many…

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Ethics in Law Enforcement

Ethics in Law Enforcement.pdf
In this book, you will examine the moral and ethical issues that exist within law enforcement. This book will also familiarize you with the basic history, principles, and theories of ethics. These concepts will then be applied to the major components…


The purpose of this text is quite simple. It fits my teaching needs and in doing so, I assert that it too may fit your needs. I offer this script in whole or part for your use and would encourage peer feedback. I have written this from the lens of a…

Ethics of Tax Lawyering

In order to appreciate the ethical complications in which tax lawyers often find themselves, it is essential to appreciate and understand the greater contexts of legal ethics and the tax system. While
it is important to begin with this more general…

Ethmoid Bone

Ethmoid Bone.jpg
The unpaired ethmoid bone is located at the midline within the central skull. It has an upward projection, the crista galli, and a downward projection, the perpendicular plate, which forms the upper nasal septum. The cribriform plates form both the…

Euclidean Plane and Its Relatives

Euclidean plane and its relatives A minimalist introduction.pdf
This book is designed for a semester-long course in Foundations of Geometry and meant to be rigorous, conservative, elementary and minimalistic.

European Handbook of Crowdsourced Geographic Information


"This book focuses on the study of the remarkable new source of geographic information that has become available in the form of user-generated content accessible over the Internet through mobile and Web applications. The exploitation, integration…

Open Educational Resource (OER) Unsyiah adalah satu satu Portal yang dikembangkan oleh Perpustakaan Universitas Syiah Kuala. OER Unsyiah berbasis Open Acces untuk siapa saja dan di mana saja. Bahkan Kami juga akan menerima kontribusi yang ingin ikut…


This course material has been created for the course “Evaluation of comprehension and oral and written production in English” (LCL 462) from the English Language Teaching (ELT) program at the Institute of Literature and Language Sciences, Pontificia…

Evaluating Climate Change Action for Sustainable Development

Evaluating Climate Change Action for Sustainable Development.pdf
This authoritative book presents the ever progressing state of the art in evaluating climate change strategies and action. It builds upon a selection of relevant and practical papers and presentations given at the 2nd International Conference on…

Evidence: Rape Shield Rule

The Rape Shield Rule, contained in Federal Rule of Evidence 412 and state counterparts is a Rule preventing the admission of evidence concerning the sexual predisposition and behavior of an alleged victim of sexual misconduct, subject to certain…

Evidence: Best Evidence Rule

Evidence Best Evidence Rule.pdf
The Best Evidence Rule, contained in Article X of the Federal Rules of Evidence (Rules 1001-1008) and state counterparts, is a Rule that requires a party seeking to prove the contents of a writing, recording, or photograph to produce the original…

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Evidence: Jury Impeachment

The anti-jury impeachment rule, contained in Federal Rule of Evidence 606(b) and state counterparts, is a rule preventing the admission of jury testimony or statements in connection with an inquiry into the validity of the verdict, subject to…

Exact Trig Values - Hand Trick
There are some key angles that have exact values in trigonometry. The ones we need to know are 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90.

In this video we will discover one method of remember what these values are - by counting fingers on our hand!

In the first…

Excretory System

After food goes through the digestive system, the parts that are not digested need to be gotten rid of. That is the job of the excretory system.

Unabsorbed food goes to the large intestine. The liver also filters out solid particles of waste from…


Exocytosis is much like endocytosis in reverse. Material destined for export is packaged into a vesicle inside the cell. The membrane of the vesicle fuses with the cell membrane, and the contents are released into the extracellular space.

Explaining Criminal Career

Explaining Criminal Careers presents a simple quantitative theory of crime, conviction and reconviction, the assumptions of the theory are derived directly from a detailed analysis of cohort samples drawn from the “UK Home Office” Offenders Index…

Exploring Movie Construction & Production: What’s so exciting about movies

What is it about watching movies that makes it one of our favorite pastimes? Is it the star of the movie? Is it the hype about the movie? Is it because it is an action movie or thriller? Do you like comedies so you can laugh? Most people do. Genesee…

Exploring Movie Construction & Production: What’s so exciting about movies

Exploring-Movie-Construction-and-Production-150222079 (2).pdf
This book is designed in this manner because, as a college film instructor at a community college
for 18 years, I have found that the biggest difficulty students have with a film course is the textbook.
Other textbooks give examples from numerous…

Exploring Movie Construction and Production

Exploring Movie Construction and Production.pdf
Exploring Movie Construction & Production contains eight chapters of the major areas of film construction and production. The discussion covers theme, genre, narrative structure, character portrayal, story, plot, directing style, cinematography, and…

Exploring Perspectives: A Concise Guide to Analysis

Exploring Perspectives A Concise Guide to Analysis.pdf

The reason why Randall Fallows wrote Exploring Perspectives: A Concise Guide to Analysis is simple: to help give students a better understanding of how to discover, develop, and revise an analytical essay. Here is how his 5 chapter book goes…

Exploring Public Speaking

Exploring Public Speakin 2nd Revision.pdf
"The revisions include a new look and font, new graphics, and an appendix on first year issues. The table of contents is hyperlinked, and all graphics are tagged."

Original Description:

"In fifteen chapters the authors have attempted to address…

Exploring Public Speaking: 2nd Revision

Exploring Public Speaking_ 2nd Revision.pdf
This 2nd revision includes a new look and font, new graphics, and an appendix on first year issues. The table of contents is hyperlinked, and all graphics are tagged.

In fifteen chapters the authors have attempted to address all the major…

External and Internal Views of Base of Skull

External and Internal Views of Base of Skull.jpg
(a) The hard palate is formed anteriorly by the palatine processes of the maxilla bones and posteriorly by the horizontal plate of the palatine bones. (b) The complex floor of the cranial cavity is formed by the frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, temporal,…



Bringing together pioneers in design and making within architecture, construction, engineering, manufacturing, materials technology and computation, Fabricate is a triennial international conference, now in its third year (ICD, University of…


Bringing together pioneers in design and making within architecture, construction, engineering, manufacturing, materials technology and computation, Fabricate is a triennial international conference, now in its third year (ICD, University of…

Fabricate 2011

FABRICATE is an international peer reviewed conference that takes place every three years with a supporting publication on the theme of Digital Fabrication. Discussing the progressive integration of digital design with manufacturing processes, and…

Fabricate 2014


FABRICATE is an international peer reviewed conference that takes place every three years with a supporting publication on the theme of Digital Fabrication. Discussing the progressive integration of digital design with manufacturing processes, and…

Fabricating the Absolute Fake : America in Contemporary Pop Culture

The pageantry of Oprah Winfrey's talk show, the Coca-Cola empire, Michael Jackson's turn from the King of Pop into an iconic global recluse: American pop culture - Hollywood cinema, television, pop music - dominates the rest of the world through its…

Facets of Facebook: Use and Users


The debate on Facebook raises questions about the use and users of this information service. This collected volume gathers a broad spectrum of social science and information science articles about Facebook.Facebook has many facets, and we just…

Facilitated Diffusion

Facilitated Diffusion.jpg
(a) Facilitated diffusion of substances crossing the cell (plasma) membrane takes place with the help of proteins such as channel proteins and carrier proteins. Channel proteins are less selective than carrier proteins, and usually mildly…

Faecal Sludge Management Systems Approach for Implementation and Operation

Faecal Sludge Management.pdf
Over a billion people in urban and peri-urban areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America are served by onsite sanitation technologies. Until now, the management of faecal sludge resulting from these onsite technologies has been grossly neglected.…

Fast Fourier Transforms

Fast Fourier Transforms.pdf
This book focuses on the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), discrete convolution, and, particularly, the fast algorithms to calculate them. These topics have been at the center of digital signal processing since its beginning, and new results in…

Fatty Acid Shapes

Fatty Acid Shapes.jpg
The level of saturation of a fatty acid affects its shape. (a) Saturated fatty acid chains are straight. (b) Unsaturated fatty acid chains are kinked.

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Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure

The Bankruptcy Rules and Forms govern procedure in cases under title 11 of the United States Code. The rules shall be cited as the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure and the forms as the Official Bankruptcy Forms. These rules shall be construed to…


These are the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP) as amended to December 01, 2016. The FRCP govern civil proceedings in the United States district courts and are often the foundation for the standard 1L law school course, Civil Procedure.

Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure

This publication contains the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure as amended to December 1, 2014. These materials have been complied by the Legal Information Institute at the Cornell Law School (LII) and published by the Center for Computer-Assisted…

Federal Rules of Evidence

These are the Federal Rules of Evidence (FRE) as effective December 01, 2016. The FRE govern the introduction of evidence in civil and criminal trials in United States federal courts. These Rules are often the foundation for the standard upper level…

Femur and Patella

Femur and Patella.jpg
The femur is the single bone of the thigh region. It articulates superiorly with the hip bone at the hip joint, and inferiorly with the tibia at the knee joint. The patella only articulates with the distal end of the femur.

Fibrous Joints

Fibrous Joints.jpg
Fibrous joints form strong connections between bones. (a) Sutures join most bones of the skull. (b) An interosseous membrane forms a syndesmosis between the radius and ulna bones of the forearm. (c) A gomphosis is a specialized fibrous joint that…

Field Trials of Health Interventions: A Toolbox

Field Trials of Health Interventions A Toolbox.pdf

Before new interventions are released into disease control programmes, it is essential that they are carefully evaluated in `field trials'. These may be complex and expensive undertakings, requiring the follow-up of hundreds, or…

Finance, Banking, and Money

Finance, Banking and Money.pdf
The financial crisis of 2007-8 has already revolutionized institutions, markets, and regulation. Wright's Money and Banking V 2.0 captures those revolutionary changes and packages them in a way that engages undergraduates enrolled in Money and…

Financial Accounting

Financial Accounting.pdf
This book is intended for an undergraduate or MBA level Financial Accounting course. It covers the standard topics in a standard sequence, utilizing the Socratic method of asking and answering questions.

Financial Strategy for Public Managers

Finance, Banking and Money.pdf
Financial Strategy for Public Managers is a new generation textbook for financial management in the public sector. It offers a thorough, applied, and concise introduction to the essential financial concepts and analytical tools that today’s effective…

Finishing Global Farm Trade Reform: implications for developing countries

This study reviews policy developments in recent years and, in the light of that, explores ways in which further consensus might be reached among WTO members to reduce farm trade distortions — and thereby also progress the multilateral trade reform…

First Amendment: Cases, Controversies, and Contexts

First Amendment Cases, Controversies, and Contexts.pdf
This Casebook (Revised First Edition, August 2016) is intended to be used in an upper-division course covering the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Its 14 chapters are substantially the same length, with the exception of Chapter…

Fluorescence-stained Cell Undergoing Mitosis

Fluorescence-stained Cell Undergoing Mitosis.jpg
A lung cell from a newt, commonly studied for its similarity to human lung cells, is stained with fluorescent dyes. The green stain reveals mitotic spindles, red is the cell membrane and part of the cytoplasm, and the structures that appear light…

Focusing on Organizational Change

Focusing on Organizational Change.pdf
Never before have strategic leaders been confronted with so much overwhelming change. The traditional approach is to teach the leader or leaders how to direct or control the organizations’ reaction on a monthly, weekly, or even daily basis. This…

Following the Cap-Figure in Majapahit Temple Reliefs

This title is available online in its entirety in Open Access. This publication provides a new understanding of the religious function of the East Javanese temples. The study of the cap-figures and their symbolism yields an outstanding contribution…

Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability.pdf
Food price volatility is one of the major challenges facing current and future global food systems. Since 2006, global food prices have fluctuated greatly around an increasing trend and price spikes were observed for key food commodities such as…

For All X; The Lorain County Remix

This book was created by combining two previous books on logic and critical thinking, both made available under a Creative Commons license, and then adding some material so that the coverage matched that of commonly used logic textbooks.


forallX: an Introduction to Formal Logic

Logic is the business of evaluating arguments, sorting good ones from bad ones. In everyday language, we sometimes use the word ‘argument’ to refer to belligerent shouting matches. If you and a friend have an argument in this sense,
things are not…

Forest Measurements: an Applied Approach

Forest Measurements an Apllied Approach.pdf
This is a forest measurements textbook written for field technicians. Silvicultural applications and illustrations are provided to demonstrate the relevance of the measurements. Special “technique tips” for each skill are intended to help increase…


Fosforilasi Oksidatif dan Chemiosmosis
Open Educational Resource (OER) Unsyiah adalah satu satu Portal yang dikembangkan oleh Perpustakaan Universitas Syiah Kuala. OER Unsyiah berbasis Open Acces untuk siapa saja dan di mana saja. Bahkan Kami juga akan menerima kontribusi yang ingin ikut…

Foundational Practices of Online Writing Instruction

Foundational Practices Of Online Writing Instruction.pdf
Foundational Practices of Online Writing Instruction, edited by Beth L. Hewett and Kevin Eric DePew, with associate editors Elif Guler and Robbin Zeff Warner, addresses the questions and decisions that administrators and instructors most need to…

Foundations in Statistical Reasoning

Foundations in Statistical Reasoning.pdf
This book starts by presenting an overview of the statistical thought process. By the end of chapter 2, students are already familiar with concepts such as hypotheses, level of significance, p-values, errors. Normally these topics are not introduced…


Foundations of Academic Success: Words of Wisdom

Foundations of Academic Success Words of Wisdom.pdf
Foundations of Academic Success: Words of Wisdom (FAS: WoW) introduces you to the various aspects of student and academic life on campus and prepares you to thrive as a successful college student (since there is a difference between a college student…

Foundations of Business Law and Legal Environment

Foundations of Business Law and the Legal Environment.pdf
Mayer, Warner, Siedel and Lieberman's Foundations of Business Law and the Legal Environment is an up-to-date textbook with comprehensive coverage of legal and regulatory issues for your introductory Legal Environment or Business Law course.


Foundations of Computation

Foundations of Computation is a free textbook for a one-semester course in theoretical computer science. It has been used for several years in a course at Hobart and William Smith Colleges.

Foundations of Quantum Theory: From Classical Concepts to Operator Algebras

Foundations of Quantum Theory.pdf
The international monograph series “Fundamental Theories of Physics” aims to
stretch the boundaries of mainstream physics by clarifying and developing the
theoretical and conceptual framework of physics and by applying it to a wide range

Four Types of Tissue: Body

Four Types of Tissue Body.jpg
The four types of tissues are exemplified in nervous tissue, stratified squamous epithelial tissue, cardiac muscle tissue, and connective tissue in small intestine. Clockwise from nervous tissue

Fractures of the Humerus and Radius

Fractures of the Humerus and Radius.jpg
Falls or direct blows can result in fractures of the surgical neck or shaft of the humerus. Falls onto the elbow can fracture the distal humerus. A Colles fracture of the distal radius is the most common forearm fracture.

Framing French Culture


Throughout this book, the concept of framing is used to look at art, photography, scientific drawings and cinema as visually constituted, spatially bounded productions. The way these genres relate to that which exists beyond the frame, by means of…

Freshwater Microplastics

Freshwater Microplastics.pdf
This volume focuses on microscopic plastic debris, also referred to as microplastics, which have been detected in aquatic environments around the globe and have accordingly raised serious concerns. The book explores whether microplastics represent…

From DNA to Protein: Transcription through Translation

From DNA to Protein Transcription through Translation.jpg
Transcription within the cell nucleus produces an mRNA molecule, which is modified and then sent into the cytoplasm for translation. The transcript is decoded into a protein with the help of a ribosome and tRNA molecules.

From Grain to Pixel : The Archival Life of Film in Transition


Film is in a state of rapid change, with the transition from analog to digital profoundly affecting not just filmmaking and distribution, but also the theoretical conceptualization of the medium film and the practice of film archiving. New forms…

Frontiers in Cardiovascular Care

This sequence provides a comprehensive introduction to diseases of the cardiovascular system, how they present, how they are diagnosed, how they are prevented, and how they are treated. Students learn to identify the integral links between anatomy,…

Functions and Relations
Part of the NCSSM Online AP Calculus Collection: This video deals with transformations of functions including parent functions and the library of functions and relations.

Please attribute this work as being created by the…