(a) Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral bending of the vertebral column. (b) An excessive curvature of the upper thoracic vertebral column is called kyphosis. (c) Lordosis is an excessive curvature in the lumbar region of the vertebral column.
Cut Rita Zahara
“Abnormal Curvatures of the Vertebral Column,” Open Educational Resource (OER) - UNM, accessed February 25, 2020, http://oer.unm.ac.id/items/show/1065.